Electrical Inspection & Testing
Electrical Testing to BS 7671
The Electrical Installation Report (formerly known as the period installation report) is a legal requirement of The Electricity at Work Regulations 1974 and is required for all businesses.
The law stipulates that all electrical wiring, installations and appliances should be in good working order so that they will not harm anyone, even under fault conditions. This applies to all businesses regardless of whether it is a take-away, nursing home or hotel.
Legacy Electrical Services offer testing to meet both your legal and insurance requirements. We can test your electrical installations to make sure it is safe to be used and if it passes will issue a safety record. In the event that it fails we will issue a report detailing the results and any remedial work which may be required.
Home Buyers Report
Buying a new property can be one of the most expensive purchases you’ll ever make. If you buy your new home and then find out that it needs to be re-wired this can be extremely expensive. Members of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) recommend that electrical and heating reports are done prior to buying a house in order to give you peace of mind. The introduction of new regulations means that expert knowledge is required in order to undertake the tests. If you find out your new home needs re-wiring after you have bought it there is nothing you can do, but if you find out beforehand we can email a copy of the report to you so that you can discuss the details with the sellers.
We have vast experience in the domestic field so you can be confident about the quality of our services. Having a report done means that you know what you are getting into before you are fully committed. We offer Home Buyers Reports from as little as £120.00
PAT Testing for Landlords and Businesses
Businesses, employers, institutions and landlords all have a statutory responsibility to ensure that any portable appliances on their premises are safe for use. Regular PAT testing plays an essential part in documenting this duty of care. Legacy Electrical Services are NICEIC Registered and can provide a PAT Testing service to all businesses from large PLC’s to sole traders. Our past experience includes restaurants, offices, take-aways, hotels, hairdressers, beauty salons and many more. Why not give us a call today to discuss your PAT Testing requirements.
If you are a landlord are all your testing documents in order? Anyone who lets residential accommodation such as houses, flats and bedsits, HMO, holiday homes and static caravans, as a business activity, is required by law to ensure that the equipment they supply as part of the tenancy is safe.
The Electrical Equipment Safety Regulations 1994 require that all mains electrical equipment, such as cookers, kettles and all white goods which are in the accommodation, must be safe in order to protect the tenant. This applies to both new and used equipment.
Why Carry Out Fixed Wiring Testing?
Fixed Wiring Testing is a popular phrase used to describe an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) new name from 2012 and formerly called Periodic Inspection Report. The reason for carrying out condition reports of electrical installations is to determine the current condition of electrical systems in terms of design and safety.
This is to ensure compliance with current electrical wiring regulations - by identifying failures or defects and making appropriate recommendations via a periodic inspection report.
We like to compare it to an MOT for a vehicle.
What Does Fixed Wiring Testing Involve?
Put simply, An EICR is based on the condition of the electrical wiring, circuits, accessories and connections and is based on Inspecting and Testing the entire electrical system within your home,premises etc.
Each circuit's cable and accessories e.g. sockets, light switches, light fittings etc., will be inspected for visual damage. wear and tear etc. Then the wiring of each circuit will undergo a series of tests to make sure the wiring is safe and that the circuit is wired correctly.
The EICR will also determine if items such as earthing, bonding and incoming supply is sufficient. All this data will be contained in the EICR we forward to clients.
If there are any faults found during the test they are given codes C1, C2, or C3 if a C1 or C2 code is given it would mean the installation is in an unsatisfactory condition. Code C1 faults require urgent attention - danger present, code C2 faults require attention - potential danger, code C3 faults are an improvement recommended.
For domestic premises the inspection and test can take anything from 2 hours to a full day depending on the size of the property and the number of electrical circuits to be inspected and tested. Legacy Electrical Services ltd pride ourselves on carrying out a thorough inspection and test as this is what is required of us, but please be aware of companies and individuals carrying out EICR's quicker by not carrying out a thorough inspection and not undertaking all the required testing. For commercial properties there are many variables that determine the timescale required to undertake a EICR but we will be able to give you a good indication when you call us.
Electricity within your premises will be limited while the testing is carried out and at some point we will require to switch off the electricity to your fusebox/consumer unit/distribution board so we can inspect and test those units and also test your main incoming earth.
Why is Regular Testing Necessary?
By carrying out testing and inspection at regular intervals, deficiencies in your electrical systems can be identified and dealt with immediately, meaning that a problem does not persist undetected which may eventually result in fire or injury.
Any electrical installations will deteriorate with age and it is paramount that systems are maintained appropriately to safeguard households, tenants, members of staff and premises. The EICR will examine and evaluate not only the deterioration of the installation, but also its safety.
Legislation requires that electrical installations are kept in a safe condition. If regular inspection and testing is neglected - those responsible may be prosecuted under health and safety law, the lives of workforce/tenants are put at unnecessary risk, and insurance claims may be invalidated.
No electrical installation, no matter how carefully designed and erected, can be expected to last forever. Deterioration will take place due to age as well as due to normal wear and tear. With this in mind, the Regulations require regular inspection and testing to take place so that the installation can be maintained in a good and a safe condition. It is now a requirement of the Regulations that the installation user should be informed of the need for periodic testing, and the date on which the next test is due. A notice, fixed at or near the origin of the installation, must state the required intervals between periodic inspections and tests.
Accessories, switchgear etc should be carefully examined for signs of overheating. Structural changes may have impaired the safety of an installation, as may have changes in the use of space. The use of extension leads must be discouraged, if only because of the relatively high loop impedance they introduce.
How Often Is Testing Required?
Legislation requires fixed wiring testing be carried out every one to five years in most work places. In compliance with the Electricity at Work Regulations of 1989, all work activities and rented accommodation must take precautions to avoid the risk of death or personal injury. Electrical Wiring Regulations also suggest time intervals for various electrical installations and these are listed at the foot of this page.
It is important to appreciate that the regular inspection and testing of all electrical installations is a requirement of the Electricity at Work Regulations. The time interval concerned will, of course, depend on the type of installation and on the way in which it is used. The table below shows the suggested intervals between periodic tests and inspections.
Suggested intervals between periodic tests and inspections
Type of installation - Maximum period between inspections
- Domestic premises = 10 years
- Commercial premises = 5 years
- Educational establishments = 5 years
- Hospitals = 5 years
- Industrial premises = 3 years
- Cinemas = 1 year*
- Churches = 5 years
- Leisure complexes = 1 year
- Places of public entertainment = 1 year
- Theatres, etc. = 1 year*
- Agricultural and horticultural = 3 years
- Caravans = 3 years
- Caravan sites = 1 year*
- Launderettes = 1 year*
- Petrol filling stations = 1 year*
- Public Houses = 5 years
- Marinas = 1 years
- Highway power supplies = 6 years
- Temporary installation = 3 months
- Where maximum periods are marked * there is a legal requirement for retests at these intervals
What Happens After The Inspection and Test?
After we carry out the inspection and test on your electrical system we will produce an EICR which will state if the electrical installation is Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory - this decision will be based on the current electrical regulations BS7671:2011. We hope that the installation will be Satisfactory but if your installation is Unsatisfactory the PIR Report will list Observations and Recommendations to why this is the case.
Clients should then seek advice from us and are entitled to speak to other electricians as to what steps and work is required for the EICR to become Satisfactory. Unless directed otherwise we would normally provide a no obligation quotation for the repair work to be carried out.
Visit the Electrical Safety Council website for independent guidance on Electrical Installation Condition Report.